Many dermatological conditions can be defined as one of several common conditions. Here is some helpful information about conditions that you might have.
If you have questions regarding a condition you have please contact us and make an appointment so your condition can be accurately diagnosed.
What is acne?
It is a skin condition that appears as whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, sometimes as deep, painful bumps that look and feel like boils. Acne usually shows up on the face, but it can also and appear on the back, chest, shoulders, and neck. Adult acne often shows up on the chin and cheeks.
What causes acne?
Skin experts don't have an exact reason why acne occurs in one person and not in another, although heredity can be a factor.
Experts believe acne has to do with sebum production. Sebum is an oily substance that is produced in glands that reside in the pores, or hair follicles, of your skin.
Acne usually begins around puberty, when everyone experiences an increase in the production of hormones that regulate the size and activity of these oil-producing glands. Hormones also affect the way skin cells are shed, causing them to stick together and accumulate in the follicle. This causes the hair follicles to clog and whiteheads and blackheads to appear.
Who gets acne?
You are not alone. Acne is one of the most common of all skin problems. In fact, most teenagers have some acne at some point. It is estimated that as many as 70 million people suffer from acne.
Acne usually occurs between ages 12 and 25, with males suffering most during their early teens and females more in their later teens through late twenties. Adult acne occurs between ages 20 and 40 and is more common in women.
What can be done to relieve my acne?
There is no instant or immediate cure for acne. But it can be controlled, and scarring may be prevented with proper care and treatment. It's important to follow all of your dermatologist's instructions.
What is rosacea?
You might have thought it was acne or sunburn…but it's rosacea. Rosacea is a skin condition that most often appears in the middle of your face - typically cheeks, nose, and chin - and makes your face look red or flushed. You may sometimes get bumps or pimples in the same area. The redness, flushing, and bumps often come and go.
What causes rosacea?
No one knows for sure. But there are things that can trigger an outbreak or cause your rosacea to flare up. Over time, you may notice that certain conditions or foods cause flushing or a breakout.
Here is a list of some common triggers of rosacea:
- Anything that makes you flush, ie, intense exercise, hot showers
- Extreme hot or cold weather
- Hot drinks, spicy foods, alcohol.
- Hair spray or other products containing alcohol.
- Stress, anxiety
Keep track of the triggers that aggravate your skin and try to modify your behavior. It could be as simple as avoiding hot drinks or spicy foods.
Who gets rosacea?
As many as 14 million Americans have rosacea. Persons of any age and background can get the condition, although rosacea typically affects persons over age 30.
What can be done to relieve my rosacea?
There is no cure for rosacea; however, there are a number of topical and oral medications that can alleviate symptoms and keep rosacea outbreaks under control.
If left untreated, rosacea can get worse - redder skin; small, red pimples; red lines; and eventually small knobby bumps on your nose. So, it's very important that you follow your dermatologist's instructions.
What is eczema?
It is a general term used to describe many different types of conditions, atopic dermatitis (the most common, most severe, and most long lasting), seborrheic dermatitis, nummular eczema, irritant contact dermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema, and allergic contact dermatitis.
All types of eczema cause your skin to itch and be red or inflamed. Some types include causing blisters, oozing, and peeling of your skin. Usually eczema starts with itching, redness and bumps, which then ooze and crust, and eventually make your skin feel leathery.
What causes eczema?
The exact cause is not known. Very dry air, cold winds, harsh soaps and detergents, and excessive bathing or hand washing may cause eczema. The most common cause is an allergic oversensitization.
Try to avoid anything you may eat or come in contact with that causes your eczema to flare up. Also, you should avoid dry, heated places, harsh soaps and detergents, excessive bathing or hand washing, and irritating fabrics such as wool - all of which can cause your eczema to linger, get worse, or reoccur. Eczema can be different for everyone. Fortunately, prevention can go a long way to minimizing the frequency of flare-ups.
Who gets eczema?
Just about anyone can get it. Usually children will find that eczema fades as they become adults.
What can be done to relieve my eczema?
Although it is a difficult disease to treat, eczema is manageable. Your dermatologist may try different treatments to see what works best for you.
In addition, there are many things you can do to help yourself feel better, including the following:
- Dress in layers so you stay cool and minimize itching caused by perspiration
- Bathe or shower in lukewarm water - not hot - to hydrate the skin and soothe the discomfort
- Moisturize very soon after bathing - before the water evaporates - to keep your skin smooth and flexible (bathing without moisturizing dries your skin and worsens your eczema).
- Take time to relax because high stress levels can trigger flare-ups
What is psoriasis?
It is a chronic skin condition that usually is characterized by lesions or patches of raised red skin covered by flaky, silvery-white buildups called "scales" or "plaques." The red-wine or salmon-colored patches are often rough to the touch.
There are several different types of psoriasis. It is usually mild with a few scales, but it can be much more severe. Inflamed patches of skin characterize plaque psoriasis, the most common form. These plaques appear on the knees, elbows, scalp, trunk, palms, soles of the feet, or almost anywhere on the body.
What causes psoriasis?
The exact cause is unknown, but it is believed to be related to faulty signals in your body's immune system. These signals cause accelerated growth of skin cells that can't be shed fast enough, so the cells pile up and form the elevated red lesions, scales, and plaques.
Psoriasis is not contagious. An external or environmental event often triggers flare-ups. Conditions that may cause a flare-up include the following:
- Emotional stress
- Dry skin
- Certain medications
Who gets psoriasis?
It occurs in adults, teens, and children, it seems to be slightly more prevalent in women than in men. Psoriasis most commonly appears between the ages 15 and 35. However, it can develop at any time.
Psoriasis affects more than 7 million and people in the United States. Some people who have psoriasis experience a spontaneous remission, but no one knows why this happens, and it is unpredictable.
What can be done to relieve my psoriasis?
There is no cure, but there are many different treatments, both topical and oral, that can clear psoriasis for periods of time. Sometimes your dermatologist will try different treatments to see what works best for you. Because psoriasis can start suddenly and spread rapidly, it's good that you check with your dermatologist.